It’s An Exception to the Possessive Rule


When you make something possessive, you need an apostrophe. Most of the time.

There’s one notable exception that seems to trip people up all the time, and that exception involves the word it.

If a toy belongs to Tommy, then it is Tommy’s toy. To show possession, we’re used to placing an apostrophe and an s after the proper name. And that’s where it becomes an important distinction: the ’s goes after a proper name.

The toy is Tommy’s because Tommy is a proper name. But you can also say that the toy is his. The possessive pronoun doesn’t have the ’s.

When it comes to it, the confusion comes because people want to use the ’s as if the it was a proper name. It isn’t!

So it’s can only represent a contraction for it is.

Since we wouldn’t refer to a human with a generic pronoun like it, let’s turn to the animal world:

It’s funny to see the cat play with its toy.

That means it is funny to see the cat play with his or her own toy.

So don’t forget:

  • ITS is a possessive pronoun indicating that an object belongs to whomever or whatever it is.
  • IT’S is a contraction that means “it is.”


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Patrick is a Christian with more than 29 years experience in professional writing, producing and marketing. His professional background also includes social media, reporting for broadcast television and the web, directing, videography and photography. He enjoys getting to know people over coffee and spending time with his dog.